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Yishen Huazhuo Decoction Induces Autophagy to Promote the Clearance of Aβ1-42 in SAMP8 Mice: Mechanism Research of a Traditional Chinese Formula Against Alzheimer’s Disease

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Kai Wang, Weiming Sun, Jiachun Xu, Qijing Qin, Zhen Yu, Ruzhen Cheng, Linlin Zhang, Shuang Liu, Zhen Zhou, Yulian Zhang* and Yuanwu Cui*   Pages 276 - 289 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background: Studies have found that autophagy could promote the clearance of Aβ. To promote and maintain the occurrence of autophagy in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) might be a potential way to reduce neuronal loss and improve the learning and memory of AD.

Objective: To investigate the possible mechanisms of Yishen Huazhuo Decoction (YHD) against AD model.

Methods: Forty 7-month-old male SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into model (P8) group and YHD group, 20 in each group, with 20 SAMR1 mice as control (R1) group. All mice were intragastrically administered for 4 weeks, YHD at the dosage of 6.24g/kg for YHD group, and distilled water for P8 group and R1 group. Morris Water Maze (MWM) test, Nissl’s staining, TEM, TUNEL staining, immunofluorescence double staining, and western blot analysis were applied to learning and memory, structure and ultrastructure of neurons, autophagosome, apoptosis index, Aβ, LAMP1, and autophagy related proteins.

Results: The escape latency time of YHD group was significantly shorter on the 4th and 5th day during MWM test than those in P8 group (P=0.011, 0.008<0.05), and the number of crossing platform in YHD group increased significantly (P=0.02<0.05). Nissl’s staining showed that the number of neurons in YHD group increased significantly (P<0.0001). TEM showed in YHD group that the nucleus of neurons was slightly irregular, with slightly reduced organelles, partially fused and blurred cristae and membrane of mitochondria. The apoptosis index of YHD group showed a decreasing trend, without statistically significant difference (P=0.093>0.05), while Caspase3 expression in YHD group was significantly lower (P=0.044<0.05). YHD could promote the clearance of Aβ1-42 protein, improve the expression of Beclin-1 and p-Bcl2 proteins, reduce mTOR and p62 proteins.

Conclusion: YHD could induce autophagy initiation, increase the formation of autophagosomes and autolysosome, promote the degradation of autophagy substrates, thereby regulating autophagy, and promoting the clearance of Aβ1-42 to improve memory impairment in SAMP8 mice.

Keywords:

Alzheimer`s disease, autophagy, senescence accelerated mouse prone 8, β-amyloid, Yishen Huazhuo Decoction (YHD), Nissl’s staining.

Affiliation:

The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, Guangxi International Zhuang Medical Hospital, Nanning, Guangxi, 530201, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 300150, Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment Hospital, Shenzhen, 518100



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