Bijo Mathew*, Della Grace Thomas Parambi, Vishnu Sankar Sivasankarapillai, Md. Sahab Uddin, Jerad Suresh, Githa Elizabeth Mathew, Monu Joy, Akash Marathakam and Sheeba Varghese Gupta Pages 432 - 445 ( 14 )
The development of chalcone-based compounds for CNS disorders has been explored by many research groups. Chalcones are being considered as a potent organic scaffold with widespread applications in the field of drug discovery and medicinal chemistry. The planar or semi-planar geometry of chalcones with various functionalities impinged on the terminal aromatic systems renders the molecule its bio-activity including anti-cancer, anti-malarial, anti-microbial, anti-fungal, antileishmanial, anti-viral, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive properties, etc. Moreover, cutting-edge research has been executed in the domain of central nervous system (CNS) based scheme, further, their identification and classifications also remain of high interest in the field of medicinal chemistry but the specific reviews are limited. Hence, the present review highlights the significance of chalcones toward their CNS activities (up to 2019), which include anti-depressant activity, anxiolytic activity, activity with GABA receptors, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyryl cholinesterase (BChE) inhibitions, activity as adenosine receptor antagonists anti-Alzheimer’s agents, β-amyloid plaques imaging agents, monoamine oxidase inhibition. To our knowledge, this is the first review exclusively for CNS activity profile of chalcones.
Chalcones, Anti-depressant activity, Anxiolytic activity, GABA receptors, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitions, Anti-Alzheimer’s agents, β-amyloid plaques imaging agents, Monoamine oxidase inhibition.
Division of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry Research Lab, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ahalia School of Pharmacy, Palakkad 678557, Kerala, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Jouf University, Sakaka, Al Jouf-2014, Department of Chemistry, NSS Hindu College, Changanacherry, Kerala-686103, Department of Pharmacy, Southeast University, Dhaka, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Madras Medical College, Chennai 600004, Department of Pharmacology, Grace College of Pharmacy, Palakkad 678004, Kerala, School of Pure & Applied Physics, M.G. University, Kottayam 686560, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, National College of Pharmacy, Calicut 673602, Kerala, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612