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MicroRNA Dysregulation in Alzheimer's Disease

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Manish Putteeraj, Yahaya Mohamad Fairuz and Seong Lin Teoh*   Pages 1000 - 1009 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background and Objective: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is arguably the largest healthcare issue of our time. AD is thought to be principally the result of an inter-play between the β-amyloid peptide and Tau, and it is driven by several genetic and environmental risk factors. Recent studies have shown that small non-protein-coding microRNA (miRNA) and the associated post-transcriptional gene regulation are important regulators of many neurodegenerative diseases, including AD. We reviewed recent studies identifying various miRNA dysregulated in AD. These miRNAs could play a significant role in the pathophysiology of AD, in both β-amyloid peptide and Tau toxicity.

Conclusion: The identification of dysregulated miRNAs pattern can serve as specific AD biomarkers which may provide the basis for new and effective diagnostic approach. In addition, these miRNAs may represent new targets for pharmaceutical development.

Keywords:

Alzheimer disease, microRNA, β-amyloid, Tauopathy, biomarker, treatment.

Affiliation:

School of Health Sciences, University Technology of Mauritius, Pointe aux Sables, Department of Anatomy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Anatomy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur

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